What is hemming?
A hem in sewing is a fabric finishing technique, in which the border or corners of a section of garment is caved in narrowly and sewn . This avert untangling of the fabric. It is regularly used to strengthen an edge, hide burns or rough edges and enhance appearance.
Hem stitch is a decorative drawn thread work or open work hand-sewing technique for furnishing the hem of clothing or household linens. Unlike an ordinary hem, hemstitching can make use of embroidery thread in a contrasting color so as to distinguishable.
- Double folded hem
A double folded hem can be used on any fabric. It is the most fundamental hem, and therefore makes it one of the most useful hems you can learn to use. It is made when you fold the fabric over on itself to the wrong side twice in order to conceal the raw borders and design a neat, finished hemline. It can be finished by machine or by hand and can be of any width. A double hem becomes important in a see through material like lace. In a single hem the small folded down part becomes very visible and does not give a finishing look.
Its best suited for hemming under the edges of a table cloth, baby blankets, napkins, curtains and other fabrics which are basically a large square or rectangle shaped.
- Narrow rolled hem
A narrow hem is also known as the rolled hem. It is an eminent hemming technique which is satisfactory for garments that are circular shaped and is light weight. Fabrics such as silk or chiffon has the capability to maintain the light and airy look .It is the definition of elegant sewing.It is a hemming technique that finishes all of the seam allowances inside the hem. It is delightful on sheer fabrics due to size and neat finishing of the hem.
A narrow hem is used in scarfs and handkerchiefs.
- Bias tape hem
Bias tape is made from strips of bias-cut fabric. Bias strip can be also called as the multiple strips sewn together cut on the bias. It is most frequently used to finish garment borders, especially along necklines and armholes. Bias tape’s inherent flexibility, therefore it enables fabric to be sewn neatly around curves for a smooth look.
It is used in binding seams, finishing raw edges or a simple strap or tie for casual bags or clothing.
- Blind hem
A blind stitch in sewing is a technique of uniting two bits of fabric so that the stitch thread is invisible or nearly invisible. The blind stitch lock ups stitching under folded edges therefore this type of stitch can be used to fabricate a blind hem or to join two folded edges together.
It is best suited to straight hems such as those found on skirt or pant legs, most suited where you require a wider hem with an invisible finish on the right side of the garment.
- Zigzag or over-locked hem
A zigzag stitch is a variant geometry of the lock-stitch. It is back and forth stitch used where a straight stitch will not suffice such as in strengthening button-holes, in stitching stretchable fabrics and in non-temporarily joining two work pieces edge to edge. The most common use is to encompass raw edges as a closure finish. As a seam finish one edge of the stitch is sewn off the edge of the fabric so that threads of the fabrics are enclosed with the threads of the zigzag stitch making the fabric unable to fray.
Zigzag is probably better than straight as it provides more strength and durability to more sewing projects and it can also be used to seam or hem knit fabrics, attach trim or lace.
- Lace edge
Lace hem tape is a attractive hem finish that is great for lightweight fabrics and gives your design a elegant look. It is encouraged to edge stitch along the lace to secure the fabric. Lace is a delicate fabric made of yarn or thread in an open web-like pattern, made by machine or hand. Two types of laces are “real” or handmade, and machine made. Linen thread is usually used for real lace and also expensive laces, but cotton, rayon, nylon, silk and other yarns are also being used nowadays.
Narrow lace trims with straight edges are often used as outer decoration for home decor items like table cloths, curtains and also used in handkerchief, dress and skirt hems.
- Slip stitch
The slip stitch is a finishing stitch also refereed as ladder stitch. It is one of the best techniques of hemming. Slip stitch is used to hem fabrics with regular fold-up hems and for fastening the bias to the inside of the necklines, waist edges and sleeve/skirt/pant hem etc. It is an effective easy way to close up seams that require stuffing or discreet seams that cannot be sewn with a sewing machine.
Sewing a slip stitch by hand continues the look of a seam without seeing visible stitches. It gives very neat and perfect finishing to the fabric and is also used to attach flat ribbons and trim to the top side of a garment.