Check out are previous post TECHNIQUES TO MAKE FABRIC WITH TEXTURE AND PATTERN-1
In sewing, piping is a type of trim or ornamentation involving a strip of folded fabric so as to form a “pipe” inserted into a seam to establish the edges or style lines of fabric. Piping is an edge action made from stripes of bias fabric usually carrying a cord, which is used as a decorative technique. Piping cord is a thin, round cotton “rope” produced specially for sewing which is available in variety of thicknesses.
- Tucks and Pleating
In sewing a tuck is a fold or pleat in fabric that is sewn in place. Small especially multi fold aligned tucks, may be used to ornament clothing or household linens. When tucks are narrow, they are called pin-tucks or pin-tucking. There are a few kind of tucking. Pin tucks are the minor ones. Spaces tucks are those tucks having gaps or spaces between the stitching. Blind tucks is the stitching of one tuck overlapping the previous tucks.
Pleats sewn into places are called tucks. A pleat is a sort of fold set up by doubling fabric back upon itself and attaches it in a place. It is commonly used in clothing and upholstery to gather a wide piece of fabric to a narrower circumference.
In sewing ruching is simply a way of gathering, pleating, or the folding of extra garment. A French word for ‘strip of cloth’. It is a part of French fashion industry that can make our garments fancier. Ruche is a strip of pleated or frilled lawn, lace etc. used to decorate blouses, dresses etc. It involves gathering, pleating or repeatedly folding a fabric as an embellishment.
Shirring is two or more rows of gathers that are used to adorn or embellish parts of garments, commonly the sleeves, bodice or yoke. This term is sometimes also used to refer to the pleats seen in stage curtains. Shirring is gathering technique done with elastic thread, which makes a stretchy garment. Elastic thread is used in the bobbin and therefore be the cause for the fabric to gather up when sewn depending on the fabric, Shirring will reduce the width of the fabric by approximately half its original size.
A swinging or sagging ornament created by aligning a bunch of cords or threads of even length and attaching them at one end. If you want casual culture opt for a rustic plant fiber, such as linen or fique. A sport weight wool-silk yarn makes a expensive, more tailored tassel with stylish, graceful drape. Use thinner fibers, such as silk or cotton embroidery floss for smaller tassels.
- Mirror work
Mirror work is also known the Sheesha work. It is a beautiful surface ornamentation method for fabric in which small mirrors in various shapes and dimension are attached on fabric and embroidery work is done around the mirror. For thread, you can use any kind of thread for this, but make sure it is strong enough to bear the edges of the mirror.
Which technique did you like the most? Do you know any other techniques to design fabric in more creative way? Let us know in the comment session.